Gastronomy: types and techniques

Gastronomy, its types and techniques are in a constant renovation to offer its best version.

But, do you know what are the gastronomies that exist and are projected around the world?

There are eight gastronomies different from each other, but they have the same goal: to combine incredible flavors and culinary techniques in the same dish.

Take a look at the cuisines, their types and techniques. You will surely be surprised!

The 8 types of gastronomy

There are eight types of gastronomy that differ according to the ingredients they use.

On the other hand, the culinary techniques used and the flavors that characterize certain regions of the world are also taken into account.

Know what these are types of gastronomy and how they develop.

national gastronomy

The national cuisine encompasses the typical dishes of a country, as it is an important part of the cultural identity of its inhabitants.

These dishes are usually prepared with local ingredients and spices, supporting the region’s producers.

In the case of Spanish gastronomy, It can be mentioned that it is a cuisine rich in ingredients and techniques due to the historical influence it received from different nations.

Some of the most used techniques are boiled, roasted, fried, sautéed, pickled, pickled and marinated. Likewise, there is no shortage of sausages and sandwiches.

Spanish gastronomy is a example to follow in the use of local foods, as it brings quality and freshness to your dishes.

Among the ingredients that are most used in their recipes are rice, fish and shellfish, legumes, beef, citrus fruits, garlic, nuts, paprika, saffron, potatoes, game meat, olive oil, sausages, pork and eggs.

gourmet gastronomy

On the other hand, we find the gourmet gastronomy. It refers to haute cuisine, prepared with innovative culinary techniques and quality ingredients.

Gourmet dishes are distinguished by being dishes that you do not get in any restaurant, with creative and unconventional combinations of flavors.

Similarly, in this gastronomy much attention is paid to a care of the properties of each product and its meticulous hygiene.

This type of gastronomy aims to highlight the flavors of food, so it uses the appropriate cooking techniques to achieve it.

Some techniques that are used are foams, food dehydration, low-temperature cooking, use of barbecues and freezing with nitrogen.

As for the ingredients, the selection will depend on the ideas that each chef has in mind.

Regardless of the type of dish you want to prepare, the quality of the ingredients will be superior so that their flavors and textures are distinguished in each recipe.

vegan gastronomy

More than a lifestyle, veganism is a type of gastronomy of great importance.

Vegan cuisine does not use any food of animal origin, but substitutes of plant origin are used.

The main ingredients in the recipes of this cuisine are vegetables, legumes, nuts, meat substitutes, vegetable milks and cheese substitutes.

As for cooking techniques, vegan cuisine has no limitations.

Some of the most used are steam cooking, frying, grilling, sautéing, baking and creams.

scientific gastronomy

A type of gastronomy that you have surely not heard much about is scientific gastronomy.

Is distinguished by combine culinary techniques with experimentation and scientific knowledge.

It analyzes in depth the textures, flavors, consistencies and aromas of each ingredient, in order to find the cooking techniques that accentuate its characteristics.

It is common to use techniques and chemical elements that allow the food processing into a new and innovative product.

They employ creative techniques like terrification, which turns liquids into earthy powders; Deconstruction also stands out, which changes the textures of the ingredients of a dish without altering its flavor.

Another popular method is gelling, which seeks to create gels or provide solid textures.

The use of nitrogen is not lacking for the rapid freezing of food, perfect for preparing ice cream or sorbets in seconds.

International gastronomy

For its part, international gastronomy is the perfect way to get to know part of the identity and culture of other countries.

It is a way to travel through these countries and learn about their traditions, without leaving the country where you are.

The restaurants dedicated to this type of gastronomy prepare their dishes following traditional recipes.

Similarly, they use local foods and spices to achieve the authentic flavor of the recipe.

of international gastronomy drift Fusion Food, combining flavors from two or more gastronomic cultures.

This allows the production of creative dishes full of novel flavors that fascinate anyone who tries them.

vegetarian cuisine

Another type of gastronomy that exists is vegetarian. This diet also has its space among the different cuisines around the world.

Unlike vegan, yes incorporates milk, cheeses, yogurts and eggs in their recipes.

Another of its emblematic ingredients with vegetables, legumes, rice, wheat-based proteins, nuts, meat substitutes and fruits.

vegetarian gastronomy It goes beyond salads. It has endless recipes prepared with classic culinary techniques.

sustainable gastronomy

In recent years, sustainable gastronomy has gained space among restaurants around the world.

It consists of a kitchen Respectful with the environment, taking advantage of the ingredients at their best.

Likewise, only the use of food purchased from local producers or from their own garden is accepted, since they do not emit pollution into the environment.

Each part of the food must be used in the kitchen or as fertilizer, allowing reduce waste and waste that is taken to landfills.

So that the ingredients do not spoil and you have to discard them unnecessarily, techniques such as sous vide.

In a nutshell, it’s about cook food in sealed bags, in a water bath at low and controlled temperatures.

Macrobiotic gastronomy

Finally, macrobiotic cuisine is based on the traditions of the East, following the balance of Yin and Yang.

The main ingredients of this gastronomy are barley, vegetables, rice, vegetables, wheat, legumes, oats, corn, seaweed and millet.

On the other hand, their culinary systems are divided into expansive and contractive energy techniques.

Expansive energy techniques are characterized by being quick to cook, not using heat and using acidic or spicy flavors.

Regarding the techniques of contractive energy, you find the pressure cooking, frying and any technique that involves a lot of heat and little water.

Best restaurants to try each type of gastronomy

Since you know the types of gastronomy and the techniques that characterize them, you should give yourself the opportunity to enjoy the recipes that make them up.

Find out which are the best restaurants for Try each type of gastronomy and visit them as soon as possible.

Can Jubany

Can Jubany

To enjoy the Spanish national gastronomy, We recommend Can Jubany.

It is a cozy restaurant, perfect to enjoy the traditional recipes of Spanish cuisine.

They also prepare Catalan cuisine specialties.

Some of the avocados they offer are almond ajoblanco, salad of prawns, rock octopus, creamy prawn rice, grilled turbot and roast suckling pig.

This restaurant is located at Ctra. de Sant Hilari, s/n, Calldetenes, Barcelona, ​​Spain.



DiverXO is the ideal restaurant for enjoy gourmet cuisine.

This restaurant, run by chef Dabiz Muñoz, stands out for offering innovative cuisine that has been awarded three Michelin stars.

Prepare dishes from national and international gastronomy, using unconventional cooking techniques and fun plating.

The intensity of the flavors of each dish can only be tasted through its unique tasting menu.

You can find it at NH Eurobuilding, C. del Padre Damián, 23, Madrid, Spain.

Vegan District

Vegan District

As its name indicates, Vegan District is a restaurant dedicated to vegan cuisine.

Its offer is aimed at not giving up your favorite dishes, just because they have ingredients that you cannot eat.

Given this, have the challenge of “veganizing” recipes using vegetables, vegetable meats, fruits, cheese substitutes and vegetables.

They serve hamburgers, pizzas, sandwiches, salads and fries.

It is at Calle del Conde de Romanones, 10, Madrid, Spain.



Mugaritz, chef Andoni Luis Aduriz’s restaurant, is the the right place to enjoy scientific gastronomy.

In each dish you can see the experimentation with food to achieve new textures.

You can try it in its unique tasting menu, made up of more than 20 dishes with unconventional bites.

You can find it at Aldura Gunea Aldea, 20, Errenteria, Gipuzkoa, Spain.



Apartaco is a restaurant and bar serving international cuisine. In this case, from Venezuelan food.

Its menu is made up of the emblematic starters, dishes and desserts of this Latin American country.

Some of these dishes are empanadas, chicharrón, tostones, quesillo, tequeños, arepas, cachapas, pavilion, black roast, chucho cake, plain board and tres leches cake.

It is located at Calle de Luchana, 7, Madrid, Spain.

Good herb

Good herb

To enjoy the best vegetarian gastronomy, You must visit Yerbabuena.

They care about preparing vegetarian dishes, with fresh and quality ingredients. They even have one or another option suitable for vegans.

You can enjoy salads, pizzas, pastas, rice dishes, creams, hamburgers and Mexican dishes.

Its premises are located at Calle deembroideres, 3, Madrid, Spain.



As a worthy representative of the sustainable gastronomy, we must mention Azurmendi.

This restaurant, run by chef Eneko Atxa, is a benchmark for sustainable cuisine.

In fact, it has three Michelin stars for its excellent service and a green star for its commitment to the environment.

Its establishment, service and technological improvements revolve around caring for the environment and the recovery of native plant species.

Visit their establishment located in Barrio Leguina, s/n, Larrabetzu, Biscay, Spain.

The Biotika

The Biotika

Finally, La Biotika is the place you are looking for enjoy macrobiotic gastronomy.

You can enjoy this extraordinary cuisine through separate dishes or its tasting menu.

They have an amazing variety of recipes, prepared with fresh and quality ingredients.

The portions are generous and the prices are affordable.

You find it on Calle del Amor de Dios, 3, Madrid, Spain.

What is gastronomy and its characteristics?

What is Gastronomy: Gastronomy is made up of a set of knowledge and practices related to culinary art, recipes, ingredients, techniques and methods, as well as its historical evolution and cultural meanings.

What are the types of gastronomy in Venezuela?

• Baked snapper. • Pavilion.
• Ham bread.
• Grill.
• Pasticho – Venezuelan version of Italian lasagna.
• Dust cake.
• Fried fish.
• Sancocho.
• Patacon.

What is the modern kitchen called?

The so-called haute cuisine or haute cuisine was born from the hands of French chefs who made cooking an art. It undoubtedly involves an extensive study of culinary techniques and of course a vast knowledge of the products and their characteristics, since this allows us to take advantage of them much better.

Who created gastronomy?

Gastronomy boasts in most of its voices a linguistic legacy provided by France. It should be noted that the first works on this subject were written precisely in French, being Maurice Edmond Sailland (Curnonsky) who first dealt with the above in the eighteenth century.